Trades|Hoko

Trades

A trade job refers to a job which requires special training, these training methods tend to be on the job training such as an apprenticeship rather than a bachelor's degree. Trades are stereotypically jobs that require manual labour however there are many other industries where undertaking a trade is an option, for example you can become a pilot or a real estate broker by trade.

Types of trades

Here are just a small number of trades

  • Automotive

  • Manufacturing

  • Electrical

  • Information technology (IT)

  • Construction

  • Cosmetology

  • Culinary Arts

  • Law Enforcement

  • Medical Imaging

Construction Trades

What is a construction trade

Construction trades are the trades essential for building construction. There are a wide variety of trades available within the construction industry. Some trades will require little training so you can begin work almost immediately, for example painter or landscapers. Other trades will require more specialised training such as an electrician and can take many years to become a licensed professional. 

 

Example of Trades in the Construction Industry

  • Carpenter

  • Carpet installer

  • Electrician

  • Heavy equipment operator

  • Insulation installer

  • Landscaper

  • Painter

  • Plumber

How to begin 

When you have decided on the trade you would like to pursue, research the area of trade that you are interested in and will fit your lifestyle. Ensure you understand what that job will entail. There is no specific way you can enter the trades industry. You can contact a local company in your region to organise a meeting. No matter your age, whether you have completed a degree or not, the construction industry is a great career pathway to go down at anytimes of your life.

Apprenticeships and Training

  • Find a possible employer in the building/construction industry and make contact with them. Make yourself approachable and ask if they are willing to sign you up as an apprentice. There may be a trial period before you can formally become an apprentice. 

  • Your employer and yourself will sign a 3-way contract confirming that your employer has agreed to take you on as an apprentice

  • After doing this you can apply for the New Zealand Certificate in Carpentry

  • Unitec will aid in completing the 3 way apprenticeship contract.

  • Successful enrolment will result in you officially starting an apprenticeship

  • Training may take anywhere from 3-4 years

Types of Construction Trades

  • Boilermaker

  • Carpenter

  • Carpet Installer

  • Cement & Concrete Finisher

  • Dredge Operator

  • Electrician/Technician

  • Equipment Operator

  • Elevator Mechanic

  • Estimator

  • Fencer/Fence Erector

  • Flooring Installer

  • Foreman

  • Glazier

  • HVAC Tech

  • Insulation Worker 

  • Iron-worker 

  • Laborer

  • Landscaper

  • Mason

  • Millwright

  • Painter 

  • Pile Driver Operator

  • Plasterer

  • Plumber, Pipefitter, steamfitter

  • Safety Manage

  • Sheet Metal Worker Construction 

  • Construction Manager

  • Ironworker

  • Roofer

  • Welder

Mechanical Trades 

What is a mechanical trade

Most of the Mechanical trade requires a certification of competency which is over two levels of qualification. The first level can be referred to as the journey level, and this requires either an apprenticeship or experience that is equivalent. The second level of qualification is the master level. A person needs to work as a journeyman and or journey woman for a minimum of a year as well as taking a competency test to become a master. Having a college degree or taking classes at a vocational level provides additional knowledge, but it is possible to become certified through job training or apprenticeship. Working in a mechanical trade as an assistant or internship while in high school with mechanical experts will help pave the way for getting a job in the mechanical industry.

Examples of Trades in the Mechanical Industry

  • Auto mechanic

  • HVAC installer

  • Machinist

  • Mechanical drafter

  • Locksmith

  • Mechanical insulator

  • Elevator mechanic

  • Mechanical installer

How to begin 

When you have decided on the trade you would like to pursue, research the area of trade that you are interested in and will fit your lifestyle. Ensure you understand what that job will entail. There is no specific way you can enter the trades industry. You can contact a local company in your region to organise a meeting. No matter your age, whether you have completed a degree or not, the construction industry is a great career pathway to go down at anytimes of your life.

Apprenticeships and Training

  • Find a possible employer in the mechanical industry and make contact with them. Make yourself approachable and ask if they are willing to sign you up as an apprentice. There may be a trial period before you can formally become an apprentice. 

  • Your employer and yourself will sign a 3-way contract confirming that your employer has agreed to take you on as an apprentice

  • After doing this you can apply for the New Zealand Certificate in Carpentry

  • Unitec will aid in completing the 3 way aprpecticup contract.

  • Successful enrolment will result in you officially starting an apprenticeship

  • Training may take anywhere from 3-4 years

  • Alternatively you can begin training at a Polytechnic or Institute of technology

Medical Trades

What is a Medical Trade

To be in the health-care industry you don’t have to be a doctor or nurse. Health jobs require a certificate program or a two year degree from a community college, this will prepare you to work in any health care job. This trade is widely available via on the job learning. These pathways can lead to qualifications across several disciplines such as dental assistance, vision and hearing workers etc. Although there are some positions that require experience and high qualifications, others, including entry level positions require no previous experience at all. This is where on the job training comes in, so the applicant can learn. 

 

The medical sector is one of the perfect places to get started using on the job training. A lot of professions require you to have work experience in the industry which could lead you into a career that promises a long term job and potentially give you the chance to move up the career ladder. 

 

Careers like Medical assistant, Secretary, Biller, and several aides are entry level jobs in the medical field that often require little to no training and you learn on the job. These jobs are also in high demand.

Entry Requirements

There are no specific requirements from secondary school education that need to be met. But English, Maths and Biology at NCEA Level one may be useful along the track. There is also a gateway program you can enter to get a taste of the job and gain experience and skills. 

 

Useful experience for assistants and a higher chance of earning a job in this industry, some of these things are to be considered:

  • Work in rest homes, nursing homes and hospitals

  • Work with families, the elderly or people with disabilities

  • Work helping people, or customer service

  • First aid

  • Cleaning and housekeeping.

How to Begin

For basic entry-level positions there are no real requirements but having knowledge and skills of the job may be useful. For a higher-level position, training may be required. 

 

To enter this field, it is recommended that you approach the company you wish to work/apprentice for. Getting direct responses can improve your chance of a job, as you can work off what the company wants directly.

Cosmetology Trades

What is a cosmetology trade

Cosmetology is the study of the application of beauty treatment. It requires special training and licensing so it is considered a trade. Training for cosmetology trades can take anywhere from 18 months to 4 years depending on the qualification. 

  • Hairstylist

  • Makeup Artist

  • Beauty Therapist

Requirements

As a secondary school leaver, there are no specific requirements you need to enter the cosmetology industry. A certificate or diploma in beauty therapy is helpful but not necessary to begin a job, alternatively, you can do an apprenticeship. Theory and hands-on training may be required.

How to begin 

HITO is the Hair and Beauty training organisation and overseas qualifications in the cosmetology industry. Whilst you are training for an apprenticeship you will be paid a wage by your employer. You can contact a local cosmetology business and ask for an apprenticeship. Alternatively, you can study through a polytechnic or institute of technology. 

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